Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a potentially life-threatening condition that doesn’t present any obvious symptoms. Over time, hypertension damages your circulatory system and increases your risk of a heart attack or stroke. At North Houston Internal Medicine in Cypress, Texas, expert internal medicine physician Ashish Kapoor, MD, specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension. Don’t let this “silent killer” impact your quality of life; make an appointment by calling the office or clicking the online booking tool today.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, occurs when the force of the blood pumping through your arteries is consistently too high for an extended period of time. Left unmanaged, hypertension can damage your blood vessels, increasing your risk of cardiovascular problems.
A blood pressure measurement determines the amount of heart your blood pumps; it also measures the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. Any blood pressure reading between 120/80 mm Hg and 130/80 mm Hg is elevated; if your reading is 139/80 or higher, you have hypertension.
Hypertension doesn’t present any obvious symptoms, which is why doctors often call it the “silent killer.” Some people with high blood pressure experience headaches and nosebleeds, but these symptoms don’t usually occur until your blood pressure is already at life-threateningly high levels.
The best way to determine if you have high blood pressure is to invest in regular preventive screenings. When you’re familiar with your numbers, you’re more likely to take steps to improve your health and lower them.
High blood pressure affects people of all ages, races, and sexes. However, there are certain factors that increase your risk of hypertension, including:
You’re also more likely to develop hypertension if it runs in your family. For example, if your parents or grandparents had hypertension, you’re more likely to develop it as well.
To diagnose high blood pressure, Dr. Kapoor uses an inflatable arm cuff and blood pressure gauge. A blood pressure reading features two numbers: systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure, or the top number, measures the pressure of blood in your arteries when your heart beats. Diastolic blood pressure, or the bottom number, measures the pressure in your arteries between beats.
Treatment for hypertension depends on the severity of your condition. If you only have mild or moderate hypertension, Dr. Kapoor might recommend healthy lifestyle changes such as diet, exercise, and smoking cessation. However, if your numbers don’t improve, prescription medications such as thiazide diuretics or beta-blockers may be necessary.
To learn more about treatment for hypertension, make an appointment at North Houston Internal Medicine by calling the office or clicking the online booking tool today.