Diabetes Specialist

North Houston Internal Medicine

Internal Medicine Physician located in Cypress, TX

Researchers estimate that more than 30.3 million Americans have diabetes. Left unmanaged, diabetes increases your risk of serious health problems, including permanent nerve damage and heart disease. At North Houston Internal Medicine in Cypress, Texas, expert internal medicine physician, Ashish Kapoor, MD, regularly works with both men and women to diagnose and treat diabetes. If you need help managing this chronic condition, make an appointment by calling the office or clicking the online booking tool today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of diseases that affect the way your body processes blood glucose or blood sugar. Glucose is a crucial energy source for the cells that make up the muscles and tissues throughout your body. However, too much glucose increases your risk of serious health problems, especially if it goes unmanaged. 

There are several different types of diabetes, including Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes. If you suspect your blood sugar levels are too high, make an appointment with Dr. Kapoor at North Houston Internal Medicine as soon as possible. 

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person and depend on how high your blood sugar levels are. Many people with early-stage prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes don’t experience any symptoms at all. However, as the condition progresses, telltale signs include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Irritability
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision

If you have diabetes, you’re also more likely to develop infections, including gum disease and skin problems. 

Who is at risk of developing diabetes?

Diabetes affects people of all ages and races, but there are certain factors that may increase your risk, including:

  • Being overweight
  • Having a family history of diabetes
  • Being middle-aged or older
  • Having high blood pressure

For women, having polycystic ovarian syndrome also increases the risk of developing diabetes. 

How is diabetes diagnosed?

Diabetes doesn’t always present obvious symptoms. Because of this, the American Diabetes Association recommends people over the age of 45 invest in an initial blood sugar screening. You might also benefit from a blood sugar screening if your body mass index (BMI) is 25 or higher. 

In addition to conducting a blood sugar screening, Dr. Kapoor does a physical exam, reviews your medical history, and asks you about your diet and exercise routine. If necessary, he might also order a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This type of blood test indicates your average blood sugar levels for the past two to three months. If your A1C levels are 6.5% or higher on two separate tests, it means you have diabetes. 

How is diabetes treated?

Treatment for diabetes depends on your medical history and individual needs. However, Dr. Kapoor usually recommends conservative measures, such as lifestyle changes. If you have prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes, Dr. Kapoor might recommend losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and exercising more regularly. If you have Type 1 diabetes, Dr. Kapoor can prescribe insulin or other medications to help keep your blood sugar levels in check. 

To learn more about managing diabetes, make an appointment at North Houston Internal Medicin. Call the office or click the online booking tool today.